The Bachelor of Science in Natural Sciences helps you to build a solid foundation in biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, and earth science. This entirely online science program gives you hands-on, at-home laboratory exercises to complement the concepts covered in the classroom. You’ll be taught the history and philosophy of science as well as the scientific method that is essential to research. This online bachelor’s degree helps you develop your skills in scientific analysis, research, communication, and documentation, and study the relationship between the human and the natural world. Knowledge gained from this program can be applied to careers as a scientist, biologist, laboratory technician, or manager, or to pursue higher-level graduate study in the natural science fields.

In addition, the B.S. in Natural Science meets all content standards of the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) for secondary science education. Therefore, upon completion of this program, you will be eligible to pursue teaching certification through a post-baccalaureate program in education if your goal is to become a high school or middle school science teacher. (This is not a teacher-preparation program and does not lead to licensure. It only covers the needed science content.)

This program has specific transfer credit requirements, including time limits on previous courses completed.

Degree Program Objectives

In addition to the institutional and degree level learning objectives, graduates of this program are expected to achieve these learning outcomes:

  • Demonstrate a solid foundation in the theory and application of the natural sciences.
  • Apply the scientific method and appropriate tools to investigate and solve problems.
  • Demonstrate critical thinking skills in assessing and evaluating problems.
  • Formulate scientific models and apply them to solve problems or provide insights into complex issues.
  • Apply qualitative and quantitative methods from the scientific domains.
  • Use quantitative techniques to solve complex problems.
  • Effectively communicate scientific findings verbally and in writing, to both scientific and lay audiences.

Degree at a Glance

General Education Requirements30
Major Required36
Select one of the following concentrations:28
Final Program Requirements6
Elective Requirements20
Total Semester Hours120

Degree Program Requirements

General Education Requirements (30 semester hours)

Arts and Humanities (6 semester hours)
PHIL202Philosophy of Science3
Select 1 course from the following: 13
Arabic I
Arabic II
Art Appreciation
Film and Literature
Image Enhancement using Adobe Photoshop
French I
French II
German I
German II
Introduction to Japanese
Literature of American Encounters, Revolution, and Rebellion
From Abolition to #MeToo: Literature of the American Civil Rights Movement
Pivotal Figures in Early British Literature
British Literature from Wordsworth through the Wasteland
Leadership in World Literature: Antiquity to the Early Modern Period
Literature of the Newly Globalized World: The Individual’s Struggle to Adapt
Music Appreciation
World Music and Cultures
Introduction to Philosophy
Critical Thinking
Introduction to Ethics
Introduction to Brazilian Portuguese
Introduction to World Religions
Russian I
Spanish I
Spanish II
Thinking and Acting Ethically
Civics, Political and Social Sciences (6 semester hours)
Select 2 courses from the following: 16
Introduction to Anthropology
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Human Sexuality
Social Media and Society
Intercultural Communication
Humane Education: A Global Interdisciplinary Perspective
Introduction to Geography
Practical Food Safety and Awareness
International Relations I
Forgotten America--Under Represented Cultures in American Literature
Four Points of the Compass: Culture and Society Around the World
Introduction to Political Science
American Government I
Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Sociology
Social Problems
American Popular Culture
Exploring Society and Cultures via Science Fiction
Communication: Writing, Oral, and Multimedia (9 semester hours)
COMM120Information and Digital Literacy3
ENGL110Making Writing Relevant3
ENGL221Scientific Writing3
History (3 semester hours)
HIST270History of Science3
Mathematics (3 semester hours)
MATH111College Trigonometry3
Natural Sciences (3 semester hours)
SPST180Introduction to Astronomy3
Total Semester Hours30

Major Required (36 semester hours)

BIOL133General Biology I with Lab4
CHEM133General Chemistry I with Lab4
GEOG103Physical Geography3
BIOL134General Biology II with Lab4
CHEM134General Chemistry II with Lab4
Select 1 course from the following:4
Elements of Physics I with Lab
Physics I with Lab
MATH226Calculus II3
Select 1 course from the following:4
Elements of Physics II with Lab
Physics II with Lab
Total Semester Hours36

Students must choose a concentration for this degree program and may select from the Concentration in Biology or Concentration in Earth Science.

Concentration in Biology (28 semester hours)

In addition to the general biology courses required in this major, this concentration offers advanced courses to enable you to study biology at a deeper level across multiple scales. The concentration investigates the principles of genetics, heredity, and biological evolution, as well as the structure and function of organisms from the single cell to the complex mammals.


Upon successful completion of this concentration, the student will be able to:

  • Describe the organization, functions, and biochemical pathways required for life at the cellular level.
  • Integrate the laws of chemistry and physics with the principles of cell biology.
  • Relate the structures and functions of multicellular organisms with the maintenance of homeostasis.
  • Integrate the principles of genetics, heredity, and biological evolution.
  • Relate the survival of individual organisms with the principles of population biology, the environment, and biological evolution.
  • Describe common research methods in biology.

Concentration Requirements (28 semester hours)

BIOL240Elements of Biological Chemistry3
BIOL241Cell Biology3
SCIN211Principles of Genetics with Lab4
BIOL242Evolutionary Biology3
EVSP416General Ecology3
Select 4 courses from the following:12
Molecular Biology
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems I
Introduction to Microbiology
Marine Biology
Fishery Biology
Population Ecology
Conservation Biology
Plant Identification, Taxonomy, and Systematics
Introduction to Space Studies
Human Space Flight
Total Semester Hours28

Concentration in Earth Science (28 semester hours)

In this concentration, you will study the relationship between the physical, chemical, and biological processes operating in and on the Earth. You will learn about the history of the Earth and the evolution of systems such as the oceans and atmosphere, as well as detailed information about soils, streams, weather, and climate. The relationship between humans and the Earth is examined from multiple perspectives.


Upon successful completion of this concentration, the student will be able to:

  • Use the scientific method and scientific tools to solve programs related to the Earth.
  • Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the interrelated physical, chemical, and biological processes operating in the Earth system.
  • Identify the process and features associated with the Earth’s interior, landscapes, oceans, and atmosphere.
  • Construct a history of the Earth, focusing on physical, chemical, and biological changes.
  • Present earth science information clearly, in multiple formats (written, oral, graphically).
  • Integrate knowledge of earth science into an understanding of societal issues and problems.
  • Demonstrate good scientific ethics.
  • Identify different earth materials, including those of economic value.

Concentration Requirements (28 semester hours)

ERSC181Introduction to Geology3
GEOG200Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems I3
ERSC204Earth System History3
ERSC206Weather and Climate3
SCIN261Introduction to Planetary Science with Lab4
ERSC305Ocean and Atmospheric Dynamics3
Select 3 courses from the following:9
Conservation of Natural Resources
Natural Hazards and Society
Water Science
Soil Science
Air Quality Management
General Ecology
Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems II
Introduction to Space Studies
Planetary and Space Exploration
Space Weather
Total Semester Hours28

Final Program Requirements (6 semester hours)

SCIN400Research Methods in Natural Sciences3
Select 1 course from the following:3
Independent Study - Natural Sciences (to be taken as the last course before graduation) 1
Senior Seminar in Natural Sciences (to be taken as the last course before graduation) 1
Total Semester Hours6

Elective Requirements (20 semester hours)

Select any courses that have not been used to fulfill major requirements. Credits applied toward a minor or certificate in an unrelated field may be used to fulfill elective credit for the major. Students in the Biology concentration are encouraged to consider the 4 semester hour courses BIOL201 -  Principles of Anatomy and Physiology with Lab, BIOL202 - Principles of Microbiology with Lab, or the Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab sequence (BIOL250 and BIOL251) as part of their elective choices.